is a music genre
that began in the late 1970s, coinciding with the popularity of new wave
. Building on those basic principles,
dark wave added dark, introspective lyrics and an undertone of sorrow
for some bands. In the 1980s, a subculture developed primarily in Europe alongside dark wave music, whose members were called "wavers"
or "dark wavers".
In some countries such as Germany, these terms also included fans of gothic rock